Ordinance No. 5, 2008
AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND THE MUNICIPAL CODE OF THE CITY OF LAWRENCE BY THE ADDITION OF TITLE 5, ARTICLE 2, CHAPTER 7, GOVERNING ILLICIT DISCHARGE DETECTION AND ELIMINATION OF POLLUTANTS IN STORMWATER DISCHARGES AND THE REGULATION OF NON-STORMWATER DISCHARGES TO THE STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEM OF THE CITY OF LAWRENCE.
Whereas, the Common Council of the City Of Lawrence intends to protect and enhance the water quality of our watercourses and water bodies in a manner pursuant to and consistent with the Federal Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. Sec. 1251 et seq.) and to provide for the health, safety and general welfare of the citizens of the City of Lawrence through the reduction of pollutants in stormwater discharges and the regulation of non-stormwater discharges to the City of Lawrence storm drainage system to the maximum extent practicable; and
Whereas, the Common Council desires to establish methods for controlling the introduction of pollutants into the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) in order to comply with requirements of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit process and specifically meet the requirements of 327 IAC 15-13.
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED by the Common Council of the City of Lawrence as follows:
SECTION 1. The Municipal Code of the City of Lawrence is hereby amended by the addition of Title 5, Article 2, Chapter 7, as hereafter set forth:
CHAPTER 7. ILLICIT DISCHARGE DETECTION AND ELIMINATION
Section 1. Purpose
Section 2. Territorial Application
Section 3. Definitions
Section 4. Responsibility for Administration
Section 5. Severability
Section 6. Ultimate Responsibility
Section 7. Discharge Prohibitions, Exemptions and Requirements
Section 8. Requirement to Eliminate Illegal Discharges
Section 9. Requirement to Eliminate or Secure Approval for Illicit Connections
Section 10. Suspension of MS4 Access
Section 11. Industrial or Construction Activity Discharges
Section 12. Access and Inspection of Properties and Facilities
Section 13. Requirement to Remediate
Section 14. Requirement to Monitor and Analyze
Section 15. Requirement to Prevent, Control and Reduce Stormwater Pollutants by the use of Best Management Practices
Section 16. Notification of Spills
Section 17. Violations, Enforcement and Penalties
The intent of this Chapter is to protect and enhance the water quality of our watercourses and water bodies in a manner pursuant to and consistent with the Federal Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. §1251 et seq.) and also to provide for the health, safety and general welfare of the citizens of the City of Lawrence through the reduction of pollutants in stormwater discharges and the regulation of non-stormwater discharges to the storm drainage system to the maximum extent practicable. This Chapter establishes methods for controlling the introduction of pollutants into the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) in order to comply with requirements of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit process and specifically meet the requirements of 327 IAC 15-13. The objectives of this Chapter are:
1. To regulate pursuant to 327 IAC 15-13 the contribution of pollutants to the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) by stormwater discharges by any user;
2. To prohibit illicit connections and discharges to the municipal separate storm sewer system;
3. To establish legal authority to carry out all inspection, surveillance and monitoring procedures necessary to ensure compliance with this Chapter; and
4. To promote public awareness of the hazards involved in the improper discharge of trash, yard waste, lawn chemicals, pet waste, wastewater, grease, oil, petroleum products, cleaning products, paint products, hazardous waste, sediment and other pollutants into the storm drainage system.
5-2-7-2 Territorial Application
The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable throughout the City of Lawrence unless explicitly exempted by 5-2-7-7 (b)(5) of this Chapter.
For the purposes of this Chapter, the following terms shall have the meaning set forth in this section:
(1) “Best Management Practices (BMPs)” means the schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, general good housekeeping practices, pollution prevention practices, educational practices, maintenance procedures and other management practices to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants directly or indirectly to stormwater, receiving waters or stormwater conveyance systems. BMPs also include treatment practices, operating procedures, and practices to control site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or water disposal or drainage from raw materials storage.
(2) “City” means the employees or designees of the City of Lawrence designated to enforce this Chapter.
(3) “Clean Water Act” means the federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.), and any subsequent amendments thereto.
(4) “Construction Activity” means activities subject to NPDES Construction Permits. These include construction projects resulting in land disturbances of one acre or more or from sites smaller than one acre if the construction activity is part of a larger plan of development or sale that disturbs one acre or more. Such activities include but are not limited to clearing and grubbing, grading, excavating and demolition.
(5) “Facility” means any building including private homes, structure, installation, process or activity from which there is or may be a discharge of a pollutant.
(6) “Hazardous Materials” means any material, including any substance, waste or combination thereof, which because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly contribute to, a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, safety, property or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of or otherwise managed.
(7) “Illegal Discharge” means any direct or indirect non-stormwater discharge to the storm drain system, except as exempted in ARTICLE VII, Section B of this Chapter.
(8) “Illicit Connections” is defined as either of the following:
(a) Any drain or conveyance, whether on the surface or subsurface, which allows an illegal discharge to enter the storm drain system including but not limited to any conveyances which allow any non-stormwater discharge including sewage, process wastewater, and wash water to enter the storm drain system and any connections to the storm drain system from indoor drains, basement sump pumps and sinks, regardless of whether such drain or connection previously had been allowed, permitted or approved by the City or,
(b) Any drain or conveyance connected from a commercial or industrial land use to the storm drain system which has not been documented in plans, maps or equivalent records and approved by the City.
(9) “Illicit Discharge” See illegal discharge.
(10) “Industrial Activity” means activities subject to NPDES Industrial Permits as defined in 40 CFR, Section 122.26 (b)(14) and subject to 327 IAC 15-6.
(11) “Mobile Cleaning Operations (or mobile washing)” means power washing, steam cleaning and any other method of mobile cosmetic cleaning, including but not limited to, vehicles, fabric, animals, including pets, and/or exterior surfaces, engaged in for commercial purposes or related to a commercial activity.
(12) “Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4)” means publicly-owned facilities by which stormwater is collected and/or conveyed, including but not limited to any roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, gutters, curbs, catch basins, inlets, piped storm drains, pumping facilities, retention and detention basins, natural and human-made or altered drainage ditches/channels, reservoirs and other drainage structures.
(13) “National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Stormwater Discharge Permit” means a permit issued by EPA (or by the State of Indiana under authority delegated pursuant to 33 USC § 1342(b) ) that authorizes the discharge of pollutants to the States’ watercourses, whether the permit is applicable on an individual, group or general area-wide basis.
(14) “Non-Stormwater Discharge” means any discharge to the storm drain system that is not composed entirely of stormwater.
(15) “Person” means any individual, association, organization, partnership, firm, corporation, limited liability company or other entity recognized by law.
(16) “Pollutant” means anything which causes or contributes to pollution.
(17) “Pollution” means the presence in a watercourse of any substances, contaminants, or human made or human-induced impairment of waters or alteration of the chemical, physical, biological or radiological integrity of water in quantities or at levels which are or may be potentially harmful or injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life or property or which unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property, including outdoor recreation unless authorized by applicable law.
(18) “Premises” means any building, lot, parcel of land or portion of land (whether improved or unimproved), including adjacent sidewalks and parking strips.
(19) “Receiving Water” means a waterbody that receives a discharge from an MS4 outfall. The term does not include private drains, unnamed conveyances, retention and detention basins or constructed wetlands used as treatment. It includes waters that are contained in or flow in or through the City.
(20) “Spill” means an unintentional release of solid or liquid material which may cause pollution of the MS4 or its receiving waters.
(21) “Stormwater” means any surface flow, runoff and drainage consisting entirely of water from any form of natural precipitation, and resulting from such precipitation.
(22) “Storm Drainage System”: See “Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4)”.
(23) “Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan” or “Stormwater Management Plan” means a document which describes the Best Management Practices and activities to be implemented by a person to identify sources of pollution or contamination at a site and the actions to eliminate or reduce pollutant discharges to stormwater, MS4 and/or receiving waters to the maximum extent practicable.
(24) “Threatened Discharge” means a condition creating a substantial probability of harm, when the probability and potential extent of harm make it reasonably necessary to take immediate action to prevent, reduce or mitigate damages to persons, property or natural resources.
(25) “Wastewater” means any water or other liquid, other than uncontaminated stormwater, discharged from a facility.
(26) “Watercourse” means a natural or artificial channel through which water can flow.
5-2-7-4 Responsibility for Administration
The Department of Public Works (Department) shall administer, implement and enforce the provisions of this Chapter. Any powers granted or duties imposed upon the Department may be delegated in writing by the Director of the Department to persons or entities acting in the beneficial interest of or in the employ of the Department.
The provisions of this Chapter are hereby declared to be severable. If any provision, clause, sentence, or paragraph of this Chapter or the application thereof to any person, establishment or circumstances shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the other provisions or application of this Chapter.
5-2-7-6 Ultimate Responsibility
The standards set forth herein and promulgated pursuant to this Chapter are minimum standards; therefore, this Chapter does not intend nor imply that compliance by any person will ensure that there will be no contamination, pollution nor unauthorized discharge of pollutants.
5-2-7-7 Discharge Prohibitions, Exemptions and Requirements
(1) No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) or watercourses any materials, including but not limited to pollutants or waters containing any pollutants, that cause or contribute to a violation of applicable water quality standards, other than stormwater.
Common stormwater pollutants include but are not limited to paints, varnishes and solvents; oil and other automotive fluids; non-hazardous liquid and solid wastes and yard wastes; trash, refuse, rubbish, garbage, food waste, litter, or other discarded or abandoned objects and accumulations, so that same may cause or contribute to pollution; floatables; oil and grease; cleaning products; pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers; landscaping materials; hazardous substances and wastes; sewage, fecal coliform and pathogens; dissolved and particulate metals; animal wastes; wastes and residues that result from construction activities, including but not limited to, painting, paving, concrete placement, sawcutting and grading; wastes and residues that result from mobile washing operations; discharges from toilets; sinks; industrial processes; cooling systems; boilers; fabric cleaning; equipment cleaning; commercial vehicle cleaning; substances added to the storm drain to control root growth and noxious or offensive matter of any kind.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person to intentionally dump liquids or solids that are considered pollutants on the ground where there is potential exposure to rain or stormwater and potential for the pollutant to reach the MS4 of the City.
(3) The construction, use, maintenance or continued existence of illicit connections to the MS4 is prohibited. This prohibition expressly includes, without limitation, illicit connections made in the past, regardless of whether the connection was permissible under law or practices applicable or prevailing at the time of connection.
(4) No person owning or in control of any premises shall connect a line conveying sewage to the MS4 or allow such a connection to continue.
(5) It shall be unlawful to cause materials to be deposited in such a manner or location as to constitute a threatened discharge into storm drains, gutters or other watercourses. Materials that are no longer contained in a pipe, tank or other container are considered to be threatened discharges unless they are actively being cleaned up.
(6) No person shall maliciously destroy or interfere with BMPs implemented to protect water quality.
The following discharges are exempt from the discharge prohibitions established by this Chapter when properly managed:
(1) Water line flushing or other potable water sources, landscape irrigation or lawn watering, irrigation return flows, diverted stream flows, rising ground water, uncontaminated ground water infiltration to storm drains (as defined by 40 CFR 35.2005 (20)), uncontaminated pumped ground water, foundation or footing drains, crawl space pumps, air conditioning condensation, springs, individual residential car washing or car washing of less than two (2) consecutive days in duration for charity or nonprofit fund raising, natural riparian habitat or wetland flows, swimming pools (if dechlorinated - less than 0.05 PPM chlorine), fire fighting activities, street wash water and any other water source not containing pollutants.
(2) Discharges approved by the authorized enforcement agency as being necessary to protect public health and safety, such as flows from firefighting.
(3) Dye testing, provided the person undertaking such testing provides verbal notification to the authorized enforcement agency 24 hours prior to the time of the test.
(4) The prohibitions set forth in 5-2-7-7 (a) shall not apply to any non-stormwater discharge permitted under an individual NPDES permit, waiver or waste discharge order issued and administered under the authority of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency, provided that the discharger is in full compliance with all requirements of the permit, waiver, or order and other applicable laws and regulations, and provided that written approval has been granted by the City for any discharge to the storm drain system.
(5) The City may exempt in writing other non-stormwater discharges which are not a source of pollutants to the MS4 or other watercourses.
(c) Requirements Applicable to Potential Dischargers
(1) Watercourse Protection. Every person owning property through which a watercourse passes, or such person's lessee, shall keep and maintain that part of the watercourse within the property free of trash, debris, excessive vegetation and other obstacles that would pollute, contaminate or significantly retard the flow of water through the watercourse. In addition, the owner or lessee shall maintain existing privately owned structures within or adjacent to a watercourse so that such structures will not become a hazard to the use, function or physical integrity of the watercourse.
(2) Minimization of Landscaping Irrigation Runoff. A discharge of landscaping irrigation water that is of sufficient quantity to cause a concentrated and/or continuous flow in the municipal separate storm sewer system is prohibited. Irrigation systems shall be managed to reduce the discharge of water from a site.
(3) Cleaning of Paved Surfaces Required. The owner of any paved parking lot, street or drive shall clean the pavement as necessary to prevent the buildup and discharge of pollutants. The visible buildup on a paved surface of mechanical fluid, waste materials, sediment or debris is a violation of this Chapter. Paved surfaces shall be cleaned by dry sweeping, wet vacuum sweeping, collection and treatment of wash water or other methods in compliance with this Chapter.
(4) Mobile Cleaning Operations. Mobile cleaning operations shall not discharge to the municipal separate storm sewer system in violation of this Chapter.
(5) Maintenance of Equipment. Any leak or spill related to equipment maintenance in an outdoor, uncovered area shall be contained to prevent the potential release of pollutants.
(6) Vehicles, machinery and equipment must be maintained to reduce leaking fluids.
(7) Materials Storage. In addition to other requirements of this Chapter, materials such as but not limited to stockpiles used in construction and landscaping activities shall be stored to prevent the potential release of pollutants.
(8) Pet Waste. Pet waste shall be disposed of as solid waste or sanitary sewage in a timely manner, to prevent discharge to the MS4.
(9) Pesticides, Herbicides and Fertilizers. Pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers shall be applied in accordance with manufacturer recommendations and applicable laws. Excessive application shall be avoided. Pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers shall be stored in a manner to prevent release to the MS4.
5-2-7-8 Requirement to Eliminate Illegal Discharges
The City may require by written notice that a person responsible for an illegal discharge immediately, or by a specified date, discontinue the discharge and, if necessary, take measures to eliminate the source of the discharge to prevent the occurrence of future illegal discharges.
5-2-7-9 Requirement to Eliminate or Secure Approval for Illicit Connections
The City may require by written notice that a person responsible for an illicit connection to the storm drain system comply with the requirements of this Chapter to eliminate or secure approval for the connection by a specified date, regardless of whether or not the connection or discharges to it had been established or approved prior to the effective date of this Chapter. If, subsequent to eliminating a connection found to be in violation of this Chapter, the responsible person can demonstrate that an illegal discharge will no longer occur, such person may request City approval to reconnect. The reconnection or reinstallation of the connection shall be at the responsible person’s expense.
5-2-7-10 Suspension of MS4 Access
(a) Suspension due to Illicit Discharges in Emergency Situations
The City may, without prior notice, suspend MS4 discharge access to a person when such suspension is necessary to stop an actual or threatened discharge which presents or may present imminent and substantial danger to the environment, or to the health or welfare of persons, or to the MS4 or other watercourses. If the violator fails to comply with a suspension order issued in an emergency, the authorized enforcement agency may take such steps as deemed necessary to prevent or minimize damage to the MS4 or other watercourses or to minimize danger to persons.
(b) Termination due to the Detection of Illicit Discharge
Any person discharging to the MS4 in violation of this Chapter may have their MS4 access terminated if such termination would, in the judgment of the authorized enforcement agency, abate or reduce an illicit discharge. The authorized enforcement agency will notify the violator of the proposed termination of their MS4 access. The violator may petition the authorized enforcement agency for a post-termination hearing regarding the termination of access. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with rules promulgated by the authorized enforcement agency. A person commits a violation of this Chapter if the person reinstates MS4 access to premises terminated pursuant to this Section without the prior approval of the authorized enforcement agency.
5-2-7-11 Industrial or Construction Activity Discharges
Any person subject to an industrial or construction activity NPDES stormwater discharge permit shall comply with all provisions of such permit. Proof of compliance with such permit may be required in a form acceptable to the City prior to or as a condition of a subdivision map, site plan, building permit or development or improvement plan; upon inspection of the facility; during any enforcement proceeding or action; or for any other reasonable cause.
5-2-7-12 Access and Inspection of Properties and Facilities
Whenever the City has cause to believe that there exists, or potentially exists, in or upon any premises any condition which constitutes a violation of this Chapter, the City or its agent shall have the right to enter the premises at any reasonable time to determine if the discharger is complying with all requirements of this Chapter. The City or its agent shall be permitted to enter and inspect facilities subject to regulation under this Chapter as often as may be necessary to determine compliance with this Chapter. If the facility has security measures in force which require proper identification and clearance before entry into its premises, the person in control of such premises shall make the necessary arrangements to allow access to representatives of the authorized enforcement agency. In the event that the owner or occupant refuses entry after a request to enter has been made, the City is hereby empowered to seek assistance from a court of competent jurisdiction in obtaining such entry. If a discharge is observed which represents an immediate hazard to public health or safety or to aquatic life, the City through a Department of Law representative, a Fire or Police Department representative, and any other agent of the City, may enter any property or structure, except a dwelling, as necessary to prevent or stop the hazard.
The City shall have the right to set up on the property of any discharger to the municipal separate storm sewer system such devices that are necessary to conduct an investigation of such discharges. The investigation may include, but is not limited to, the following: sampling of any discharge and/or process waters, the taking of photographs, interviewing staff on alleged violations and access to any and all facilities or areas within the premises that may have any effect on the discharge.
5-2-7-13 Requirement to Remediate
Whenever the City finds a discharge of pollutants is taking place or has occurred which will result in or has resulted in pollution of stormwater, the storm drain system or other watercourses, the City may require by written notice to the owner of the property and/or the responsible person that the pollution be remediated and the affected property restored within a specified time pursuant to the provisions of 5-2-7-17 of this Chapter.
5-2-7-14 Requirement to Monitor and Analyze
The City may require by written notice that any person engaged in any activity and/or owning or operating any facility which may cause or contribute to stormwater pollution, illegal discharges and/or non-stormwater discharges to the storm drain system or other watercourses, undertake at such person’s expense such monitoring and analyses and furnish such reports to the City as deemed necessary to determine compliance with this Chapter.
5-2-7-15 Requirement to Prevent, Control and Reduce Stormwater Pollutants by the use of Best Management Practices
The City will adopt requirements identifying Best Management Practices for any activity, operation or facility which may cause or contribute to pollution or contamination of stormwater, the municipal separate storm sewer system or other watercourses. The owner or operator of a commercial or industrial establishment shall provide, at their own expense, reasonable protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials or other wastes into the MS4 or watercourses through the use of these structural and non-structural BMPs. Further, any person responsible for premises which are, or may be, the source of an illicit discharge, may be required to implement, at such person's expense, additional structural and non-structural BMPs to prevent the further discharge of pollutants to the municipal separate storm sewer system. Compliance with all terms and conditions of a valid NPDES permit authorizing the discharge of stormwater associated with industrial activity, to the extent practicable, shall be deemed compliant with the provisions of this section. These BMPs shall be part of a stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPP) or stormwater management plan (SWMP) as necessary for compliance with requirements of the NPDES permit.
5-2-7-16 Notification of Spills
Notwithstanding other requirements of law, as soon as any person responsible for any premises, facility or operation, or responsible for emergency response for a facility or operation has information of any known or suspected release of materials which are resulting or may result in illegal discharges or pollutants discharging into stormwater, the municipal separate storm sewer system or other watercourses, such person shall take all necessary steps to ensure the discovery, containment, and cleanup of such release. In the event of such a release of hazardous materials such person shall immediately notify emergency response agencies of the spill by contacting emergency dispatch services. In the event of a release of non-hazardous materials, such person shall notify the City or its appointed agent in person or by phone no later than 24 hours after the release.
Notifications of a release shall be made in person or by phone and shall be confirmed by written report addressed and mailed to the City at:
City of Lawrence
9001 E. 59th Street, Suite 300
Lawrence, IN 46216
within 5 calendar days of the phone or in person notice. The report shall specify:
(a) The composition of the discharge and the cause thereof;
(b) The exact date, time and estimated volume of the discharge;
(c) All measures taken to clean up the accidental discharge and all measures proposed to be taken to prevent recurrence;
(d) The name and telephone number of the person making the report and the name of a person who may be contacted for additional information on the matter.
If the discharge of prohibited materials emanates from a commercial or industrial establishment, the owner or operator of such establishment shall also retain an on-site written report of the discharge and the actions taken to prevent its recurrence. Such reports shall be retained for at least 3 years.
5-2-7-17 Violations, Enforcement and Penalties
It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any provision or fail to comply with any of the requirements of this Chapter. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this Chapter shall be subject to one or more of the enforcement actions outlined in this section. Any violation or threatened violation may be restrained by injunction or otherwise abated in a manner provided by law.
In the event the violation constitutes an immediate danger to public health or public safety, the City or its appointed agent is authorized to enter upon the subject private property, without giving prior notice, to take any and all measures necessary to abate the violation and/or restore the property. The City or its appointed agent is authorized to seek costs of abatement as outlined in 5-2-7-17 (e).
(a) Compliance Directive
In addition to any other remedy available to the City, inspectors may issue compliance directives at the time of inspection to require a person to implement actions that will correct any violation of this Chapter.
(b) Notice of Violation
Whenever the City finds that a person has violated a prohibition or failed to meet a requirement of this Chapter, the City may order compliance by written notice of violation to the responsible person. Such notice may require without limitation:
(1) The performance of monitoring, analyses and reporting;
(2) The elimination of illicit connections or discharges;
(3) That violating discharges, practices, or operations shall cease and desist;
(4) The abatement or remediation of stormwater pollution or contamination hazards and the restoration of any affected property;
(5) Payment of a fine to cover administrative and remediation costs; and
(6) The implementation of source control or treatment BMPs.
If abatement of a violation or the restoration of affected property is required, the notice shall set forth a deadline within which such remediation or restoration must be completed. Such notice shall further advise that, should the violator fail to complete the remediation or restoration within the established deadline, the work may be done by the City or its designee and the expense thereof shall be charged to the violator.
(c) Appeal of Notice of Violation
Any person receiving a Notice of Violation may appeal the determination of the City. The notice of appeal must be received within 10 days from the date of the Notice of Violation. Hearing on the appeal before the Board of Public Works and Safety or its designee shall take place within 30 days from the date of receipt of the notice of appeal. The decision of the Board or their designee shall be final.
(d) Enforcement Measures after Appeal
If the violation has not been corrected pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Notice of Violation, or, in the event of an appeal, within 10 days of the decision of the Board or its designee, then representatives of the City and its designees are authorized to enter upon the subject property and are authorized to take any and all measures necessary to abate the violation and restore the affected property. It shall be unlawful for any person, owner, agent or person in possession of any premises to refuse to allow the representatives or designees of the City to enter upon the premises for the purposes set forth above.
(e) Cost of Abatement of the Violation
If the City abates a violation, then within 30 days after abatement of the violation, the owner of the property will be notified of the cost of abatement, including administrative costs. Such notice shall be given by personal delivery or by mail to the last known address of the owner as shown in the records of the Township Assessor or its successor. Such notice shall be effective upon the date of mailing or personal delivery. The property owner may file a written protest objecting to the amount of the assessment within 10 days of the effective date of the notice. If no protest is filed, then the charges shall become due and payable on the date set forth in the notice, which shall be after the expiration of the time in which to file an appeal, and such charges shall become a special assessment against the property and shall constitute a lien on the property for the amount of the assessment. In the event a protest is filed, a hearing on such protest shall be held before the Board or its designee within 30 days from the date of receipt of the written protest. If any charges are upheld upon completion of such hearing, then such charges shall become due and payable 10 days after the issuance of the order upon such protest and, if not timely paid, such charges shall become a special assessment against the property and shall constitute a lien on the property for the amount of the assessment. Such charges also may be recovered in a civil action against the owner or other person in control of the premises for which such charges were incurred, and any person violating any of the provisions of this Chapter shall be liable to the City for all costs, fees, charges and expenses, including but not limited to administrative costs and legal fees and costs, by reason of such violation.
(f) Civil Penalties
In the event the alleged violator fails to take the remedial measures set forth in the notice of violation or otherwise fails to cure the violations described therein within 10 days, or such greater period as the City shall deem appropriate, after the City has taken one or more of the actions described above, the City may impose a penalty not to exceed $1,000 (depending on the severity of the violation) for each day the violation remains unremedied after the receipt of the notice of violation.
(g) Criminal Penalties; Enforcement Costs
Any person who violates any provision of this Chapter shall be subject to criminal prosecution to the fullest extent of the law, and shall be subject to a criminal penalty of $1,000 dollars per violation per day.
The City may recover all attorney’s fees, court costs and other expenses associated with enforcement of this Chapter, including sampling and monitoring expenses.
(h) Injunctive Relief
The City may petition for a preliminary or permanent injunction restraining any person from undertaking any activities which would result in a violation or continued violation of this Chapter and may seek mandatory injunctive relief compelling the person to perform abatement or remediation of any violation of this Chapter.
(i) Compensatory Action
In lieu of enforcement proceedings, penalties and remedies authorized by this Chapter, the City at its option may impose upon a violator alternative compensatory actions, such as storm drain stenciling, attendance at compliance workshops, creek cleanup or other projects or services.
(j) Violations Deemed a Public Nuisance
In addition to the enforcement processes and penalties provided herein, any condition caused or permitted to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this Chapter is a threat to public health, safety and welfare is declared and deemed a nuisance, and may be summarily abated or restored at the violator's expense or may be the subject of a civil action to abate, enjoin, or otherwise compel the cessation of such nuisance.
(k) Remedies Not Exclusive
Except as expressly provided above, the remedies in this Section are cumulative, and the exercise of any one or more remedies shall not prejudice any other remedies that may otherwise be pursued for a violation of this Chapter. The remedies listed in this Chapter are not exclusive of any other remedies available under any applicable federal, state or local law, and it is within the discretion of the City to seek cumulative remedies.
SECTION 2. Adoption of Chapter
This Chapter shall be in full force and effect upon its adoption, approval by the Mayor and publication as provided by law. All prior Chapters and parts of Chapters in conflict with this Chapter are hereby repealed.